Top Migraine specialist in Hyderabad says a migraine is more than a blatant headache associated with throbbing pain, blurred vision, nausea and vomiting sensation. The sudden bout of pain can last for several hours to days.
Pulsating or throbbing pain is usually felt on one side of the head mostly confined to temple, eyes and forehead. Sometimes the pain can be felt on both sides.
The frequency of migraine bouts varies with some people experiencing them once in a while – but others getting repeating episodes regularly. Two types of migraines are common: migraines with aura and migraines without aura.
These types are associated with other symptoms as well. Sometimes symptoms become serious enough to make you land in a hospital or just leave you in a precariously uncomfortable situation. In either case, you should consult top migraine specialist as a delay in seeking treatment can cause complications in the long run.
According to top migraine specialist, stress and high-pressure lifestyle can increase episodes of migraines – and those who get migraines are more likely to develop heart disease – chest pain, angina and heart attacks.
However, you can do many things to lower your risk of migraines and heart disease. Take intermittent breaks from work, exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet, avoid migraine triggers like cheese, ice cream, alcohol and cigarette.
High Blood Pressure
For some people, high blood pressure and migraines go hand in hand. Individuals with migraine may be more likely to have high blood pressure.
But this is not always true for all those who have migraine as studies are related to only a particular group of people. Therefore, more studies need to be done to know whether this aspect holds true for others as well.
Low Blood Sugar
Some people have low levels of blood sugar. This is known as hypoglycemia. This condition can trigger a migraine in some people. If you don’t eat or fast for long, you may get a headache – which is not always due to low blood sugar levels.
You may get a headache due to fasting as your body gets dehydrated, releases stress hormone and didn’t get a regular amount of caffeine due to cut back – owing to fasting.
An epileptic seizure (fit) or epilepsy or seizure is a neurological condition that disturbs the normal activity of the brain and the nervous system.
When you get migraines you are more likely to have this condition and vice versa. Both these conditions are due to abnormal activity of the neurons’ networks and their unusually high sensitivity.
People who develop both these disorders seem to show a high degree of genetic propensity (genetic inheritance or strong family history). Seizures start in the brain and disrupt the body’s functions, senses and thoughts. Epilepsy can begin at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children.
Sleep Disturbances or Insomnia
According to many top migraine specialist, individuals who suffer from repeated episodes of migraines gradually develop sleep problems and become prone to insomnia. Sleepless nights can lead to anxiety, stress and depression – all these conditions are linked to migraines.
Those who do not maintain a proper sleep routine are more likely to develop headaches and migraines. Those who have these problems should focus on bettering their daily sleep routine.
The best way to do this is to sleep at a set time and wake up every day at the same time. Furthermore, avoid smoking, alcohol and caffeinated beverages late in the day.
Anxiety and Depression
Many people with migraines also have anxiety and depression. One in four people with migraine have depression and up to two in four people have anxiety.
Those who have depression and anxiety suffer more frequently from migraines – almost half of the time in a month – which is around 15 days in a month.
Though the link between migraine and depression is not clear, it may be related to the way in which brain cells send signals from one neuron to another by means of serotonin.
Ringing in the Ear or Tinnitus
Tinnitus or ringing in the ear is a condition in which a person feels hissing or ringing in the ear. Some people with migraine feel this problem getting bad to worse with the onset of a migraine.
There is no clear-cut understanding of this type of problem so far, but tinnitus with migraines could be due to sending of abnormal signals by the neurons.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Some studies link migraines and IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) – the typical symptoms of which include constipation, abdominal pain, bloating and diarrhoea.
Those who have migraines are more likely to have IBS and vice versa. According to some research studies both these conditions are linked to the same genes.
Further research is needed to know which treatments might prove beneficial to manage both these conditions better.
Fibromyalgia is a condition in which you feel pain all over the body and have other symptoms – such as anxiety, depression, over sensitivity to light and sound, stiffness in certain pressure points, the pressure at joints.
In addition, you may also become prone to migraines and regular headaches. You can manage fibromyalgia pain and control flaring up of associated symptoms with treatment aiming at controlling migraines.
It is better to talk to your neurologist for the best possible treatment options for your migraines associated with fibromyalgia. A top migraine specialist will diagnose your condition and provide treatment accordingly.