How to prevent stroke

Brain stroke is one of the main causes of death worldwide. Individuals who have a brain stroke may lose their ability to speak or suffer other lasting brain problems. After a stroke, a person may become reliant on others. When blood is unable to reach a part of the brain, a stroke may occur. Brain cells may die as a direct result of reduced blood flow to the brain, culminating in a brain attack.

Warning signs of brain stroke

  • Numbness or weakness in any limb, arm, or eye
  • Sudden loss of vision
  • Sudden loss of speech
  • Forgetfulness
  • Dizziness

How to prevent stroke?

Maintain low blood pressure

If your blood pressure isn’t under control, it can double or even quadruple your risk of stroke. In both males and females, hypertension is the most common cause of stroke. The most significant change people can make in their vascular health is to check their blood pressure and, if it is high, to manage it. Limit your salt intake to no more than 1,500 mg each day. Increase your intake of polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats while minimizing saturated fats.

Workout more

Exercise can help you lose weight and lower your blood pressure, but it can also help you prevent strokes on its own.

Try to lose weight

Obesity, along with its consequences (such as diabetes and hypertension), increases your chances of having a stroke. If you are overweight, decreasing only 10 pounds can reduce your stroke risk significantly. Limit your daily caloric intake to 1,500 to 2,000 calories.

Maintain blood sugar level

High blood glucose damages blood arteries over time, increasing the risk of clot formation. As advised by your doctor, keep a close eye on your blood sugar levels. To maintain your blood sugar levels within the specified range, use a combination of food, exercise, and medications.

Quit Smoking

Smoking has a number of effects on the production of clots. It thickens your blood and causes a buildup of plaque in your arteries. Preferring a healthy diet, regular exercise, and quitting smoking are some of the most effective lifestyles changes you can make to lower your stroke risk.


The emergency medical team and neurologists can detect a brain stroke by performing the following tests:

  • Physical examination and evaluation of neurological symptoms
  • Blood tests
  • CT or MRI scans
  • carotid ultrasonography
  • cerebral angiograms
  • echocardiograms

Bottom Line

Brain stroke is treatable and preventable if you start making lifestyle modifications in your early 30s and 40s. Minor improvements that you can make include avoiding alcohol as much as possible, giving up smoking, working out more, minimizing sweats intake, reducing salt intake, and eating seasonal vegetables and fruits regularly. If you still have concerns about how to prevent stroke, then meet Dr. Vikram Sharma.