Types of headaches and symptoms: If you think that you are the one who is bearing the burden of headaches, then you are not alone in the world. At least 60 to 70% of adults suffer from headaches and nearly about 25 to 30% of children also suffer from headaches. It is the most common health condition in the world today.

Headaches remain one of the prominent causes of missing school and work. They are also responsible for disturbing family, work, and social life. A majority of people with regular headaches battle headaches continuously – owing to which they feel anxious and depressed.

Knowing how to differentiate headaches based on Symptoms is Important

You might be aware of different types of headaches, but may not be aware that all such headaches are not the same. Anyway, all headaches share at least one thing in common – i.e., pain. Let us try to understand different types of headaches and their associated symptoms.

Learn more about Types of Headaches

Tension Headache Symptoms

Nowadays, this type of headache has become very common. Young adults, middle-aged people, and even children too are becoming prone to tension headaches. The symptoms associated with this type of headache include:

  • Mild to moderate headaches
  • Consistent pain without throbbing
  • Pain in the lower part of the head and also on both sides (bilateral)
  • Pain becomes worse during activities such as walking, running, climbing upstairs, bending over and playing.

Migraine Symptoms

These are primary types of headaches and the second most common type. The symptoms associated with this type of headache include:

  • Throbbing, pounding or pulsating pain
  • Pain can be moderate to severe
  • Blurred vision and dizziness
  • Changes in mood
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps with pain and stomach upset
  • Sensitivity to light, odours and noise
  • Pain that lasts four hours to three days.

Sinus headaches Symptoms

Migraines are often misdiagnosed as sinus headaches as some of the symptoms of sinus headaches – such as nasal congestion, watery eyes may also be associated with migraines in some people. Sinuses are the open passages behind the cheeks and forehead. Bacterial and viral infections can cause inflammation and congestion of the sinuses – which eventually leads to headaches. Many general physicians often mistake migraines for sinus headaches. Symptoms associated with sinus headaches include:

  • Facial pain and pressure
  • Facial swelling and redness
  • Feeling of fullness and pressure in the ears
  • Watery eyes and nasal congestion
  • Mucus discharge (snot)
  • Fever
  • Constant pain and pressure in the cheek bones and forehead
  • Bad taste in the mouth.
  • Pain that gets worse with sudden head movement or straining.

Cluster headaches

Cluster headaches come and go in a cluster type or group fashion. They are most common during spring or fall. This type of primary headache is more severe. During a cluster period, a person can experience headaches at least one to eight times a day. Cluster headaches can last for up to three weeks to three months. They can disappear suddenly for even months and years together and then recur later. The symptoms associated with a cluster headache include:

  • Severe, intense, sharp and throbbing pain
  • The pain is associated with intense stabbing or burning sensation
  • The pain is usually felt behind the eye regions.

When Should You Seek Immediate Medical care?

Types of headaches and symptoms: The following symptoms require immediate medical care:

  • A new severe and sudden headache
  • Blurred vision, blind spots and double vision
  • Speech difficulties
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness
  • Sudden loss of balance or falling
  • Seizures
  • Mental confusion
  • Speech difficulties
  • Paralysis
  • Numbness or tingling sensation
  • Headache with a rash, fever, stiff neck and shortness of breath
  • Changes in behaviour and Personality
  • Headache with severe nausea and vomiting
  • A headache that awakens you at night
  • Headaches that occur after a head injury or accident
  • Getting a new type of headache after age 55

To know more about the types of headaches and symptoms, meet Dr. Vikram Sharma.